History of Prophet Adam Alaihissalam

Mohammad Rashed

Prophet Adam 

History of Prophet Adam Alaihissalam

The Angels Being Told of Adam

"Remember when your Lord said to the angels, 'Truly, I am bringing mankind to the world generation after generation.' They questioned, "Will You send there people who will cause strife and blood to be spilled, while we praise and thank You (exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You." Allah responded, "I know that which you do not know."

When Allah had finished teaching Adam the names of everything, He gave the names to the angels and asked them, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful." "Glory be to You, we have no knowledge other than what You have taught us," they (the angels) exclaimed. Indeed, it is You, the All-Wise and the All-Knowing.

"O Adam!" he cried. Once he had given them their names, He continued, "Inform them of their names," and after doing so, He added, "Did I not tell you that I know the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been hiding?"

Iblis was one of the angels who refused to prostrate before Adam because he was haughty and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah), while the other angels did.

We exclaimed, "O Adam! Stay in paradise with your wife and enjoy everything there as much as you like wherever you want, but stay away from this tree otherwise you two will become zalimeen (wrongdoers). Then the Devil caused them to leave (the Paradise) and extricated them from their current situation. Get you all down together and hostile toward one another, we commanded. You will live on earth and enjoy yourself there for a while.

Then Adam heard the words of his Lord. His Lord recognized his repentance and forgave him. Undoubtedly, He is the Most Merciful and the One Who Forgives (Accepts Repentance).

"Get out of here, everyone," we said, "so that whenever My guidance comes to you, and whomever follows My guidance, there shall be no terror upon them, nor shall they mourn. The inhabitants of the Fire, however, are those who reject and reject Our Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, and revelations, etc.); they will remain therein forever. (Qur'an, Chapter 2:30–39).

Allah, the Almighty, also revealed:

Whether or not these tales are accurate, it is undeniable that the angels were aware of Allah's intention to establish a vicegerent on earth. The angels were to bow down in front of the human being whom Allah the Almighty was going to fashion out of clay, mold, and breathe His spirit into.

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is recorded as saying, "Allah created Adam from a handful of dust taken from various lands, so the children of Adam have been created according to the composition of the land," according to Abi Musa al Sha'arai. We therefore have white, red, black, and yellow people from mankind, as well as good and evil, ease and pain, and all in between. (Sahih al Bukhari).
Ibn Masud and other companions of the Prophet (PBUH) claimed that Gabriel, the angel of Allah, was dispatched to bring clay to the Almighty to use for the Almighty. "I seek refuge in Allah from your reducing my quantity or disfiguring me," the earth prayed. Gabriel then came back but took nothing. "My Lord, the land sought refuge in You and You granted," he prayed.
Michael was sent by Allah for the same reason, and the land was offered sanctuary by Him. He returned and informed Allah of what Gabriel had spoken earlier. The land then prayed to Allah for protection, and Allah dispatched the Angel of Death, who declared, "I also seek refuge with Allah from returning without carrying out His command." He combined clay that he had taken from the surface of the soil. Instead of taking clay from one specific location, he took white, red, and black clay from several locations.
When Allah moistened the clay until it became sticky, the Angel of Death ascension with it. Allah then said to the angels:
I really will make a man out of clay. You then bow down before him when I have formed him and breathed into him (his) soul that I have created. (Quran, Chapter 38:71–72).
Adam was created into a human being by Allah, yet for forty years he was only a clay figure. The angels passed by him. What they saw frightened them, and Iblis was the one who was most terrified. He used to buffet the statue of Adam as he passed by, creating a pottery-like sound. Allah said to us:
He made Adam (man) from clay that sounded like pottery clay. (Quran, Chapter 55). When Allah decided it was time to infuse Adam with His spirit, He gave the angels the following command: "When I breathe My spirit into him, prostrate before him." When Allah breathed His spirit into Adam, Adam sneezed as it reached his head. Say that Allah is worthy of all praise, the angels commanded. Adam emphasized: "All glory is due to Allah." He was told by Allah, "Your Lord has shown you mercy." Adam turned to look at the fruits of paradise when the spirit came to his eyes. Adam experienced hunger as it got to his stomach. He quickly sprang so that he may partake of the fruits of paradise before the spirit could reach his legs. Therefore, Allah said:
"Man was made in haste," (Quran, Chapter 21:37).
And then:
"All of the angels simultaneously bowed down. He declined to join the prostitutors, with the exception of Iblis. (Qur'an, Ch. 15:31–32).
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is reported to have said, according to Abu Huraira: "Allah formed Adam from dust after He mixed the clay and left him for a while till it became sticky mud, then Allah moulded him. Allah then abandoned him till he resembled potter's clay. He used to hear Iblis go by and tell him, "You have been created for a great purpose.' Allah then infused him with His essence. 
Adam's Offspring Adopt Allah
In order for them to turn to the truth, We do this by thoroughly explaining the Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). (Quran 7:172–174).
"Our Lord, we bear witness that You are our Lord; we have no other Lord but Allah," Adam's descendants cried out. Allah made their father Adam, and when he looked at them, he saw both the wealthy and the impoverished, the physically attractive and the physically unattractive. Adam cried out, "O Allah! Make Your servants equal, please. Allah retorted, "I love being thanked." Adam viewed the prophets as lamps among his descendants. 
Iblis refused to be counted among those who prostrated, but We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the honorable shape of a human being), after which We commanded the angels to do so. 
What prevented you, Iblis, from bowing down when I ordered you to do so? Allah questioned. Iblis declared, "You created me from fire, and you created him from clay. I am better than him (Adam)." Get out of this paradise; it is not for you to be haughty here, said Allah. Get out; you are among the shamed and despised. Allow me a break till the Day of Resurrection, Iblis pleaded. You are among those granted relief, Allah stated. (Qur'an, Ch. 7:11–15).
Iblis was the first person to draw a conclusion through logic, according to Muhammad Ibn Sirin, and no other way was there to worship the sun or moon, according to Ibn Jarir. Iblis attempted to compare himself to Adam in this way. He thought he was a better man than Adam. In spite of the fact that Allah had told him to bow down, exactly as He had done with the angels, he chose not to. 
We may show that Iblis is conceited if we use an analogy. Indeed, clay is superior than fire because it possesses attributes like restraint, clemency, perseverance, and growth, whereas fire possesses qualities like carelessness, insignificance, hurry, and combustion.  
Iblis made unsuccessful attempts to defend his opposition: 
"Shall I kneel before one whom You made of clay?" See? Iblis said. If You grant me a reprieve (keep me alive) until the Day of Resurrection, those whom You have honored above me, I will undoubtedly capture and mislead their descendants—all except a select few—by sending them astray. (Qur'an, Ch. 17:62). 
Adam was paying attention to what was going on around him and was filled with feelings of love, admiration, and amazement. deep love for Allah, who created him, exalted him, and had His angels bow down to him. awe at the Creator's wrath when He refused to provide mercy to Iblis. Iblis, a being who detested Adam without ever knowing him and believed himself to be better than him without having established his superiority over Adam, astounded Adam. Iblis was such an odd monster, and his justification for not prostrating was as odd.
He thought that fire was superior to clay, but whence did he get that notion? Only Allah, who created clay and fire, and who is aware of which is superior, possesses such knowledge. Adam deduced from the conversation that Iblis was a crafty and unappreciative creature. Then he understood that Iblis would always be his foe. He was shocked beyond belief at Iblis' brazenness and Allah's patience. Adam saw the extensive freedom that Allah grants to His commissioned creatures as soon as he was created. 
Allah was aware that Iblis would not submit to Him by kneeling before Adam. He could have been completely destroyed by Allah, reduced to a small amount of dust, or had his refusal stifled. However, Allah grants His sentient beings complete freedom, even to the point where they are able to defy His orders. He gives people the right to reject Him, disobey Him, and even argue with Him. His kingdom won't shrink if the unbelievers don't accept Him, and it won't grow if lots of people do. On the other hand, both believers and nonbelievers will prosper, but Allah is above all of that.
Iblis was the subject of numerous legends during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Iblis was allegedly in charge of the angels in the celestial sky, according to Ibn Masud, Ibn Abbas, and a number of the Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) companions. In one account, Ibn Abbas claimed that his name had been Azazil, while in another, he said that it had been Al Harith. Ibn Abbas also claimed that Iblis was a jinn and that he was the most virtuous, wisest, and educated of the jinns who had once guarded Paradise. Another legend claims that before Allah changed him into the infamous Satan, he had been one of the four famed angels with wings.
In a another surah, Allah Ta'ala relates Iblis' disobedience: 
"Recall what your Lord declared to the angels when He said, 'Truly I will make man of clay. You should thus kneel before him once I have created him and infused life into him via Me. All of the angels then bowed down, with the exception of Iblis, who was arrogant and a nonbeliever.

"And undoubtedly, We formed you (your father Adam) into the majestic shape of a human being after We had created you. We then instructed the angels to prostrate to Adam, and all save Iblis did so. "What prevented you (O Iblis), that you did not postrate when I commanded you?" Allah questioned.

Iblis declared, "I am better than him (Adam), for you created me from fire, and you created him from clay."

"O Iblis, leave this (Paradise), for it is not for you to be haughty here," answered Allah. Get out; you are among the shamed and despised. Allow me a break till the Day they are raised up (Day of Resurrection)," Iblis commanded.

You are among those who are granted a respite, Allah stated.

Iblis declared: "Since You have led me astray, I will undoubtedly wait for them (humans) on Your Straight Path. When I do, You won't find the majority of them to be grateful (they won't be doing their duty to You). I will approach them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left.

Get out of paradise, shamed and banished, shouted Allah. If anyone among them (mankind) follows you, I'll no certain pack Hell with all of you. Also, Adam! Stay there with your wife and eat what you like, but refrain from approaching this tree or you will both become Zalimeen (unjust and wrongdoers). 

Satan then began to make ideas to them both in an effort to reveal to them what had previously been concealed about their private parts, saying, "Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except you should become angels or become of the immortals." Satan swore by Allah to them both, saying, "Verily, I am one of the sincere well wishers for you both."

So he tricked them and led them astray. Then, after tasting the fruit of the tree, what had previously been concealed by their shame (their private parts) became apparent to them, and they started to cover themselves with the leaves of paradise. They heard a voice from their Lord calling out to them, "Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you, Verily Satan is an open enemy unto you?" They cried out, "Our Lord! We've done ourselves wrong. If You do not pardon us and do not show us Your Mercy, we will unquestionably be among the losers. "Get down one of you an enemy to the other," Allah said (referring to Satan, Eve, Adam, etc.). For a while, the earth will serve as your home and location of happiness. He declared, "Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought out (resurrected)." (Qur'an, Chapter 7:11–25).

When Allah, the Almighty, chose to make Adam, as we imagine, He addressed His angels and commanded them to bow down before him. He did not intend to solicit their advice or opinion because He is superior to them. They were warned by Allah the Exalted that He would raise a vicegerent on earth, whose descendants would pollute the planet and kill one another. The angels pleaded with Allah, the Almighty, "Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood!" (Quran, Chapter 2:30).

There are ancient myths about angels who existed before Adam was created. Ibn Qatadah claimed that the jinn who existed before Adam told the angels about the creation of Adam and his progeny. According to Abdullah Ibn Umar, the jinn existed for roughly 2000 years before Adam and then committed acts of violence. As a result, Allah dispatched an army of angels to drive them into the ocean's depths.

The angels were informed by Ali Jafar Al Baqer, according to Ibn Abi Hatim, that man would bring evil and bloodshed to earth. It was also claimed that they were aware that no one would be born on earth who would not be wicked and commit acts of violence.

His eye was the first thing the ghost entered, followed by his nose. He coughed. "May your Lord have mercy on you, O Adam," said Allah. See what the angels would say if you went to them. Adam went to meet them, so he did. They said, "Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah." Allah commanded, "O Adam! This is a greeting from you and your children. Sahih al Bukhari. 

Allah the Almighty revealed:

"Remember when your Lord brought forth the seed (or Adam's offspring) from the loins of the children of Adam and made them swear by themselves, saying, 'Am I not your Lord?'" They replied, "Yes! We vouch for you, should you claim that we were ignorant of this on the Day of Resurrection. Or else, what if someone were to say: "It was only our father in the past who made other people our partners in worship alongside Allah, and we were merely their descendants after them. Will you then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practiced al batil (polytheism), and they committed crimes and sins, calling upon and worshipping other than Allah?"

The Covenant of the Prophet 

The All-Powerful Allah said: 

"Remember when We took the covenant away from the Prophets, including you, O Muhammad, as well as from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, the son of Mary. We obtained a robust covenant from them. (Ch 33:7, Quran). 

In a another verse, Allah the Exalted stipulated:  

Set your gaze toward the religion of authentic Islamic monotheism, Hanifan (worship only Allah), also known as Allah's Fitrah (Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He created mankind, Allah said to Muhammad (PBUH). Halqillah (Islamic Monotheism, the plain religion of Allah), which most men are unaware of, must remain unchanged. (Ch 30:30, Quran). Another version of the myth claims that Allah blended the colors white, black, yellow, and red into a small amount of earthen dust. That explains why men are born in a variety of colors. Allah transformed the dust into sound-making potter's clay when He combined it with water. It smelled fermented and was. Iblis wondered what would be made of that clay as he passed by. Allah made Adam out of clay. He breathed His spirit into him and fashioned his body with His own hands. Adam's body trembled as it began to take on life.

The other (nonbelievers, polytheists, etc.) was drowned after that. (Quran, Ch. 37:82).

Adam and Jesus are comparable (PBUT)

Allah the Almighty declared:  

"In fact, Allah sees Jesus as having the likeness of Adam, whom He formed from dust and told to "Be." which he did. (Ch 3:59, Quran).  

The Angel's Prostration's Meaning

All the angels were bowed before Adam when he opened his eyes, with the exception of one who was watching from a distance. Adam had no idea what kind of animal it was or what its name was because it did not bow down before him. Iblis, who was not one of the angels, was standing alongside them so that he might participate in the command issued to them. Because he was a jinn, he was thought to be beneath the angels. It is evident that the angels did not prostrate themselves in Adam's honor; rather, they did so out of reverence. The only one who prostrates in worship is Allah. Almighty Allah related the incident of Iblis's defiance in front of Adam:

 "Recall when your Lord told the angels, 'I'm going to make a man from altered black smooth mud, a man named Adam. In other words, "fall you down prostrating yourselves unto him" when I have finished shaping him and given Adam the soul I created for him. All of the angels then bowed down at once, with the exception of Iblis, who would not join them. "O Iblis!" Allah cried. What keeps you from joining the prostitutes, exactly? "I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud," Iblis declared. Get away of here, for you are Rajim (a cursed or outcast), Allah commanded. The curse will undoubtedly afflict you till the Day of Recompense (Day of Resurrection)". (Qur'an, Ch. 15:28–35). 

Almighty Allah related it in another surah, saying this: 

Allah declared: "The truth is, and the truth I say, I will fill Hell with you and those of them (mankind) that follow you together." (Qur'an, Ch. 38:71–85). 

The Motive Behind Adam's Creation   

Adam also acquired a lesson about knowledge after this lesson about freedom. Adam understood that the angels represented good in the universe and that Iblis represented evil. He was still learning about himself, though. Then Allah made him understand who he truly was, the rationale of his creation, and the method of his exaltation.
"He taught Adam all the names of everything," said Allah the Exalted. (Ch 2:31, Quran). 

Instructing Adam 

Adam was given the ability by Almighty Allah to understand the natures of all things and to categorize them using names, such as a bird, star, tree, etc. Adam was born with an insatiable thirst for knowledge, a love of learning, and a desire to pass on his knowledge to his offspring, all from Allah. This was the inspiration for his conception and the key to his exaltation.
Allah gave Adam with the names of all creatures, together with their characteristics and purposes, and stated to the angels: 
If you are being honest, "Tell Me the names of these."(Quran, Ch. 2:31) The angels acknowledged their limitations by saying, "Glory be to You, we know nothing besides what You have taught us. You are the All-Knowing and the All-Wise, without a doubt. (Ch 2:32)

After that, Allah turned to Adam: 

"O Adam! 'Did I not tell you that I know the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you expose and what you have been hiding?' He said after giving them their names. (Ch 2:33).

Allah intended the angels to understand that He was aware of their surprise when He disclosed Adam's creation to them, as well as their confusion, which they had withheld, and what Iblis had concealed regarding Adam's disobedience and unappreciation.

The angels understood that Adam was the being who understood things that they did not, and that his potential for learning was his most admirable trait. He had the information he would need to live on and rule the earth, as well as the knowledge of the Creator that we refer to as religion or Islam. This includes all forms of knowledge from the outside world.

Adam was familiar with all of their names. The angels occasionally engaged him in conversation, although they were absorbed in worshiping the Almighty Allah. Adam consequently felt lonely. One day he dozed off and when he awoke discovered a woman gazing at his face with lovely sensitive eyes, close to his head. When the angels inquired about her name, he responded, "Eve (Hawa)." refers to living creatures. "Why did you call her Eve?" they questioned. Because I am a living person and she was made from me, Adam said.

Adam Notices Eve 

When Iblis was expelled from Paradise and Adam was placed there, according to Ibn Abbas and a group of the Prophet's (PBUH) companions, Adam was by himself and lacked a spouse from whom he could get serenity. He dozed off for a while, and when he awoke, he was faced by a woman that Allah had fashioned from his ribs. Therefore, he enquired, "Who are you? He enquired, "Why were you created?" She said, "A woman." So that you could find peace in me, she said. The angels questioned him, "What is her name, O Adam? " in an effort to gauge the depth of his understanding. "Eve," he answered. Why was she given that name, they enquired? Because she was made from a live thing, he said.

Eve's Origin

Adam's smallest left rib was used to construct Eve, and after some time, she was clothed in flesh, according to Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq and Ibn Abbas. Due to this, Allah, the Most High, said:

"Oh Humanity! Be obedient to your Lord, who made you from a single individual (Adam), from whom He made his wife (Eve), and from whom He made numerous men and women. (Ch 4:1)

And Allah said:

It is He Who made you from a single individual (Adam), and from him He made his wife (Eve), so He may enjoy the pleasure of being with her.(Ch 7:189).

Creating the Islamic Salutation

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) reportedly stated to Muslims: "O Muslims! I advise you to treat ladies gently since they are made of ribs, and the upper half of a rib is the part that is most twisted. I implore you to take care of the ladies because if you attempt to straighten it, it will break and if you don't, it will remain crooked. in the Sahih Bukhari.

Adam was told by Allah to live in paradise: "O Adam! You and your wife should reside in Paradise and enjoy the delights therein as much as you like, but avoid getting too close to this tree to avoid becoming Zalimeen (wrongdoers).(Ch 2:35)

Where Adam and Eve Went to Paradise

We don't know where this Paradise is located. It was not revealed in the Quran, and the commentators' views varied by five. Some claimed that it was heaven on earth and the paradise of our haven. Others regretted making that claim since Iblis would not have been allowed entry and disobedience would have been prohibited as well if it had been the paradise of refuge. Others claimed that it was a different paradise that Allah had made for Adam and Eve. A fourth group said that it was an elevated heaven on earth. Various analysts concur with what was without a doubt in the Qur'an where this paradise was situated. We concur with this last statement because the lesson we draw from the place is secondary to the lesson we draw from the actions that occurred there.

Adam and Eve's warning from Allah

Adam and Eve were allowed entry into Paradise, where they experienced what all people long for. Except for one tree, which may have been the Tree of Knowledge or the Tree of Pain, Allah allowed them to approach and enjoy everything else. Allah banned them from receiving a place to live in Paradise.

But stay away from this tree or you two will be considered wrongdoers. (Ch 2:35)

Adam's Shortcoming

 Adam and Eve were aware that it was against the law to eat from that tree. Adam was a human, though, and people often forget that. His will becomes weaker and his heart changes. Iblis used Adam's vulnerability to his advantage by summoning all the envy he could muster. "Shall I guide you to the Tree of Immortality and the Eternal Kingdom?" he began to cajole him with every day. They heard him say:

Your Lord did not prevent you from eating the tree unless you wanted to become an angel or an immortal. By Allah, he (Satan) vowed to them both, saying, "Verily, I am one of the sincere well wishers for you both." (Ch 7:20-21) 

What would happen if I eat from this tree? Adam questioned himself. Perhaps it really is the Tree of Immortality. His ultimate goal was to dwell forever in Paradise's unadulterated innocence.

After some time had passed, Adam and Eve were still thinking about that tree. So they made the decision to consume its fruit one day. They failed to remember that Iblis was their sworn adversary and that Allah had forewarned them not to approach it. Adam reached out and picked a fruit, then presented it to Eve. They each consumed food from the forbidden tree.

As Allah Almighty informed us, "So he (Satan) misled them with deception." (Ch 7:22) 
Thus, Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred, according to Allah. (Ch 20:121).

The serpent allegedly lured Eve to eat from the forbidden tree, according to the Old Testament. Because of the serpent's words, she ate some of it and gave some to Adam. They immediately realized they were naked when their eyes were opened, so they grabbed some fig tree leaves to cover themselves. According to Wahb Ibn Munabah, both of them wore light garments over their private areas prior to sinning.This Old Testament tale is a fabrication and a trick. Allah, the All-Powerful, revealed:
"Oh Adam's offspring! Do not allow Satan to trick you, as he did when he tricked your parents (Adam and Eve) out of Paradise by removing their garments and showing them their private parts. Without your ability to see them, he and Qabiluhu (his jinn troops or members of his tribe) can see you.

Undoubtedly, We created the devils—protectors and helpers—for the disbelievers. (Ch 7:27) 

When Adam first felt his heart tighten after finishing his meal, he was also overcome with feelings of pain, sadness, and guilt. The internal melody had stopped, and the environment had shifted. He and his wife both started chopping tree leaves to cover themselves after realizing they were both nude. 

Summary of Adam and the Promise of Allah 

The Almighty Allah said to him:
Did I not prevent you from touching that tree and warn you that Satan is your open enemy? They cried out, "Our Lord! We've done ourselves wrong. If You do not pardon us and do not show us Your Mercy, we will unquestionably be among the losers. "Get down, one of you an enemy to the other," Allah commanded (referring to Adam, Eve, Satan, etc.). For a while, the earth will serve as your home and location of happiness. You will both live and die there, he added, adding that you will also be carried out of it (resurrected). (7:22-25). 

Older tales regarding these occurrences also exist. According to Al Hafez Ibn Asaker, Allah gave two angels the order to drive Adam away from the holy area. Michael removed the diadem from his forehead after Gabriel had removed the crown from his head. Adam bowed down and cried out, "Forgiveness! Forgiveness!" believing that his sentence had been hastened. Allah then questioned, "Are you fleeing Me?" "No, my Lord, but I am afraid of You," Adam retorted. Adam supposedly lived a hundred years in paradise, according to Abdul Rahman Ibn Amru Al-Awza'iy. It was stated that he spent 60 years in another tale. According to Ibn Asaker, Adam cried for 60 years over the loss of Paradise, 70 years over his error, and another 70 years at the death of his son. They departed paradise and arrived on earth. Eve was sobbing and Adam was depressed. Sincere as it was, Allah acknowledged their repentance, and He informed them that the earth would be their domain and place of origin, where they would live, die, and return on the Day of Judgment.

Thirdly, Adam learned the following lesson in Paradise, according to Allah the Almighty: 
Indeed, We had previously made a vow with Adam, but he forgot, and We discovered that he lacked a strong will. Think back to the time We commanded the angels to "Prostrate yourselves to Adam." All of them prostrated, with the exception of Iblis. After that, We declared: "O Adam! This is an enemy of both you and your wife. Therefore, please don't let him take you both out of paradise so that you can suffer in pain. You are guaranteed by Us that you will never go without food or clothing there. And neither the dust inside nor the heat of the sun will hurt you.

Satan then said in a low voice, "O Adam! Would you like me to take you to the Tree of Eternity and a kingdom that will never perish? When they both consumed the fruit of that tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they started to cover themselves with leaves from Paradise. Adam erred by disobeying his Lord in this way. Then he was chosen by his Lord, who showed him mercy and provided him direction.
"Get you down (to the earth), both of you, from Paradise; some of you are enemies of others," said Allah. If counsel from Me comes to you, then whomever follows it won't wander off or experience trouble or suffering. however, whichever pulls away from My Reminder (neither accepts this Quran as true nor follows its instructions, etc.). In fact, he has a difficult life ahead of him, and on the Day of the Resurrection, We will make him blind.
He'll exclaim, "Oh my Lord! Why did you make me blind when I was previously sighted? Like thus, Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)," Allah stated. came to you, but you ignored them (you turned away from them, didn't give them much thought, and ignored them), so on this Day, In the flames of Hell, far from Allah's Mercy, you will be forgotten.)"And thus do We requite him who transgresses beyond bounds (commits the great sins, disobeys his Lord (Allah), and does not believe in His Messengers, and His revealed Books, like this Quran, etc.), and does not believe in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, and the torment of the Hereafter is far more severe and lasting." (Ch 20:115-127) 

Why Adam and Eve Descended, a Comment

Some individuals think that Adam's disobedience is the reason why mankind does not live in Paradise and that if it weren't for this transgression, we may have been there all along. These are foolish fictions since Allah told the angels that He would make Adam the vicegerent of the world when He was ready to create him. He didn't say, "I shall make a vicegerent in Paradise."
So, rather than being a degrading descent, Adam's arrival on Earth was a dignified one. Allah was aware that Adam and Eve would consume the fruit and fall to the ground. Satan would rape their purity, he knew. That encounter was crucial to their existence on Earth and formed the basis of their vicegerency. It was intended to instill in Adam, Eve, and their offspring the knowledge that it was Satan who was to blame for their expulsion from Paradise and that the only way to Paradise is through submission to Allah and hatred of Satan.

Analysis: Adam's Free Will

Can it be argued that Adam and the rest of humanity were doomed to sin, to be cast out of Paradise, and to be cast down to the earth? In actuality, this tale is just as simplistic as the first.
Adam had full free will, and he was responsible for the results of his actions. By eating from the forbidden tree, he disobeyed Allah, who then expelled him from Paradise. He is still free despite his disobedience. In contrast, it is a result of it.
Truth be told, Allah always knows the result of events before they happen, thus He knew what was going to happen. Allah, however, does not compel events to occur. He endows His human creations with free will. That is the foundation upon which He bases His supreme wisdom in creating the vicegerents, populating the planet, etc.
Adam recognized the third lesson. He now had concrete evidence that Iblis was his adversary and the reason he had lost the blessing the reason for his pain and of living in paradise. Adam also recognized that disobedience is punished by Allah, and that the path to Paradise requires devotion to His wishes. And he discovered how to beg for pardon from Allah, the Almighty. Adam apologized to Allah, and Allah pardoned him. He then dispatched him to the planet as His first representative.

Adam and Moses' Meeting (PBUT) - Hadith

The Messenger (PBUH) reportedly stated: "Adam and Moses quarreled with one another. Adam heard Moses say, "Your sin drove you out of Paradise." Adam remarked, "You are Moses person Allah chose to be His messenger and to whom He spoke in His own voice. Yet you hold me accountable for something that was predetermined for me before I was even created? Muhammad (PBUH), the Prophet of Allah, stated two times, "So Adam outclassed Moses." in the Sahih Bukhari.
Additionally, according to Umar Ibn Al Khattab's narration of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Moses (PBUH) exclaimed, "My Lord! May I visit Adam, who drove himself and us out of paradise? Allah then caused Adam to appear before him and said, "Are you Adam?" Adam responded, "Yes." He then asked, "Were you the person into whom Allah breathed His spirit, to whom He revealed the names of all things, and before whom He bowed His angels? Adam responded, "Yes." Moses then questioned God, "What prompted you to expel us and yourself from Paradise?" "Who are you?" Adam questioned. Moses proclaimed, "I am Moses." You are Moses, the prophet of the Children of Israel, Adam remarked. Was it you to whom Allah spoke directly? Moses responded, "Yes." "Why do you blame me for a matter which Allah had predestined?" Adam questioned. Muhammad (PBUH), the Prophet of Allah, thus spoke twice. "Adam was superior to Moses." Sahih al Bukhari.

Where Adam, Eve, and Iblis Came From Variation

The site of Adam's earthly descent is the subject of numerous legends. According to Ibn Abbas, who was quoted by Ibn Abi Hatim, "Adam descended on land 'Dihna' between Mecca and Taif." Al-Hassan said that Eve and Adam were born in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Iblis Bodistiman, Iraq, and Ashahan, Iran, respectively. Ibn Hatim also stated this last point.
According to Ass'ady, Adam descended with the Black Stone, a sizable black stone embedded in the Ka'ba wall in Mecca. He possessed a few of the Paradise seeds, which are thought to have originated in Paradise) in India. He planted them in India, where they developed into the fragrant tree.
According to Ibn Umar, Adam descended from As-Safa and Eve from Al Marwa, two mountains close to the holy building in Mecca. Pacing between these two hills in remembrance of Hajar's search for water is one of the hajj rituals. Ibn Hatim also reported on this. Abi Musa Al-shari, according to Abdul Razzaq, claimed that when Allah commanded Adam to leave Paradise for earth, He taught him how to make everything and gave him the crops from Paradise.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) reportedly said: "The best of days on which the sun has risen is Friday," according to Abu Huraira. Adam was created on this day, and on this day he came to Earth. in al Bukhari

Adam's Earthly Life 

Adam left Paradise knowing he had bid peace adieu. He had to contend with war and struggle on earth. After one, another started right away. He had to work as well to support himself. He had to defend his family from the wild animals while also protecting himself with clothing and weapons. 
He had to battle the spirit of evil above all else. Satan, who was the reason for his banishment from Paradise, persisted in seducing him and his offspring in an effort to send them to the everlasting fires of hell. Good and evil are constantly at war, but those who obey Allah's commands need have no fear, whereas those who defy Allah and follow Iblis will be doomed alongside him. Adam understood everything, and he began living on earth knowing that there would be sorrow. The fact that he was in charge of the planet and had to force it to submit to him was the only thing that permitted his suffering. He was responsible for maintaining, building, cultivating, and populating the planet. He was also responsible for having children and raising them so that they would contribute to and transform the world.

The earliest four kids 

When Adam and Eve saw their first children, a set of twins, being born, they had achieved the zenith of their earthly bliss. Eve was a happy mother and Adam was a loving father. Cain (Qabil) and his sister were the twins. Abel (Habil) and his sister were the second set of twins that Eve later gave birth to. The family relished the gifts and fruits of the earth that their Lord had bestowed. The youngsters developed into robust, healthy young adults. While Abel raised livestock, Cain farmed the land.     

Cain's Opposition

When the two young guys were ready for a life companion, that time came. Allah's intention for humanity was for people to expand and create nations with various cultures and colors. Adam received a revelation from Allah instructing him to marry each son to the other's twin sister. Adam raised his offspring in accordance with Allah's instructions, but Cain was not happy with the spouse He was given because Abel's twin sister wasn't as attractive as his own. 

An analysis of Cain's disobedience  

It seems that physical attractiveness has always played a role in the attraction between men and women. Cain was attracted to this and envied his brother Abel. He disobeyed Allah's directive by disregarding his father's counsel. 
Cain's rebellion can seem weird at first, but we must keep in mind that although man has a pure essence, the possibility for dichotomy exists. In other words, he possessed both positive and negative traits. He has the capacity to exhibit harmful behavior in addition to avarice and covetousness. Therefore, even if it results in failure in both this life and the next, man is still capable of finding his own happiness. The key to goodness is to control the baser, more wicked side of oneself by exercising restraint in his impulses and behavior as well as in his thoughts and deeds. Then, he will receive both this world's and the afterlife's pleasures as his recompense. Allah thus puts us to the test by exposing our flaws.

Abel's Envy in Cain

Adam faced a challenge. He prayed to Allah for assistance because he desired peace and harmony in his family. Each son was required by Allah to make a sacrifice, and whomever had their offering accepted would have the law on their side. While Cain presented his weakest grain, Abel offered his best camel. Because of his disobedience to his father and the falsity of his sacrifice, Allah did not accept it. This further infuriated Cain. He threatened his brother after realizing that his chances of marrying his own lovely sister were dwindling. "I'll murder you! I won't let you enjoy your happiness while I'm still unhappy. It would be more appropriate for you, my brother, to look for the source of your misery and then follow the path of peace, Abel responded, feeling bad for his brother. Only those who serve and fear Allah are acceptable to Allah for their acts; those who disobey His commands are not.

The Initial Death

Abel was wise, devout, and constantly willing to submit to Allah's will. His brother, who was conceited, self-centered, and rebellious to his Lord, stood in stark contrast to this. Abel was unafraid of his brother's threats, but he also didn't want his brother to suffer because Allah had endowed him with goodness and empathy.
Abel warned his brother, "My brother, you are straying from the right path and are sinful in your decisions," in an effort to quell the roiling animosity within him. It would be better if you apologized to Allah and dropped your ridiculous threat. But if you don't, I'll turn the situation over to Allah. Since the Fire is the punishment for sinners, you will be the only one to suffer the consequences of your transgression.
This fraternal appeal had no effect on Cain's level of animosity, and he showed no sign of dread of Allah's wrath. Even family concerns were disregarded. With a stone, Cain struck his brother, quickly killing him. Both the first fatality and the first crime committed by a human were this one. Adam started looking for Abel after he had been missing for a while, but he could find no sign of his beloved son. He enquired as to Abel's whereabouts from Cain. Insolently replying that neither he nor his brother were under his care, Cain said. His father deduced from these comments that Adam was grieving over the death of Abel.

The First Interment

Cain was unsure of what to do with his brother's body at the time. He walked around with it on his back while attempting to conceal it. Now that his rage had dissipated, remorse was weighing heavily on his mind. He was growing weary from carrying the corpse, which had begun to smell. Allah sent two ravens that started fighting, killing one of them as a mercy and to demonstrate that dignity might be maintained even in death. The winning bird rolled its prey into a hole in the ground, covered it with sand, and dug it with its beak and claws.
When Cain saw this, he was overwhelmed with guilt and regret. He cried out, "Woe unto me!" I was unable to conceal my brother's body, like this raven has managed to accomplish. Then Cain laid his brother to rest. Additionally, this was the first human burial.
Allah, the All-Powerful, revealed:

And (O Muhammad), tell them (the Jews) the true narrative of Abel and Cain, the two sons of Adam, who each presented a sacrifice to Allah, but only one of them was accepted. I'll murder you, the latter said to the former.
"Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al Muttaqeen (the pious)," the former replied. Because I fear Allah, the Lord of the Alameen (humankind, jinn, and all that exists), if you do extend your hand to kill me, I will never extend mine to kill you. You will become an inhabitant of the Fire and get the punishment due to the Zalimeen (polytheists and wrongdoers), which I do indeed mean to let you do.

He killed his brother and joined the losers as a result of the other's (latter one's) encouragement and justification of his actions. Allah sent a crow to show him where to hide his brother's corpse by scratching the earth. "Woe to me!" he (the murderer) exclaimed.
Am I not even capable of concealing my brother's corpse like this crow? He afterwards joined the group of regretful people. (Ch 5:27-31).

The First Murder: Quranic References

The Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) friends Ibn Abbas, Ibn Masud, and a few others claimed that inter-marriage between a boy from one pregnancy and a girl from another had been common practice among Adam's offspring. Cain's sister was extremely attractive, and although Abel wanted to marry her, Cain wanted her for himself. He declined Adam's request to give her to his brother in marriage. Adam then gave the command for them to each make a sacrifice before making the pilgrimage to Mecca. They offered their sacrifices after Adam had left; shepherd Abel offered a fat lamb, and Cain offered a bundle of the poorest grain. Cain felt enraged when fire descended and devoured Abel's offering, leaving just Cain's, and he vowed to kill him in order to prevent him from marrying his sister. In response, Abel said, "Allah accepts from those who fear Him."
Adam reportedly observed their offering and was confident that Abel's sacrifice would be accepted, according to Abu Ja'afar al Baqer. Cain argued with Adam that Abel's supplication for him was the reason for the acceptance, and that he had not done the same for him. Cain then promised his father that he and his brother would make amends. Abel once arrived from caring to his herd late. Cain was sent by Adam to inquire about him. The moment he saw him, he sneered at him and said, "Yours was accepted, but mine was not." "Allah only accepts from the Allah-fearing," in response, Abel said. After learning this, Cain grew enraged and killed him by striking him with a piece of iron that was nearby. Another account claimed that he struck him in the head with a rock while he was sleeping to murder him.

Adam Praises for His Offspring

Adam's loss of his two boys left him in a state of total anguish. One was gone, and the devil had the other under his sway. Adam prayed for his son and then focused on more routine issues because he needed to work for his food. He was a prophet at the same time, teaching his children and grandkids about Allah and urging them to accept Him. By sharing his own encounter with the devil and how the demon had enticed Cain to slay his brother, he cautioned them and informed them about Iblis.

Seth, Adam's Successor

Adam became elderly over the years and his descendants dispersed all over the planet. According to Muhammad Ibn Ishaq, as the time for Adam's demise drew near, he chose his son Seth to succeed him and taught him the hours of the day and night as well as the proper worship rituals for each. Additionally, he predicted the floor's arrival for him.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is recorded as saying: "Allah sent down 104 psalms, of which 50 were sent down to Seth." by Abu Dhar.

Adam's passing

When Adam's death was imminent, he told his descendants, "O my children, indeed I feel an appetite for the fruits of Paradise," according to Abdullah Ibn Al Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, who relayed the statement. 

They left to look for what Adam had asked for. They encountered the angels, who were carrying his shroud and the embalming supplies. "O Children of Adam, what are you looking for?" they questioned them. What would you like? What's your destination?"

"Our father is ill and has a craving for the fruits of paradise," they claimed.
They were told to return because their father will soon pass away by the angels.
When they (the angels) eventually arrived back, Eve immediately recognized them. She made an effort to blend in behind Adam. She heard him say. "Go away, please. Do not put yourself between me and the angels of my Lord because I came before you. In order to do this, they took his spirit, embalmed and wrapped him, then dug a grave and buried him there. "O Children of Adam, this is your tradition at the time of death," they prayed before burying him. 

Adam informed his descendants before he passed away that Allah would not abandon men on the earth and would instead send His prophets to lead them. The appeal to worship only Allah would unite the prophets, who would have varying names, characteristics, and miracles. This was Adam's legacy for his offspring. Adam closed his eyes once he finished speaking. The angels then surrounded him as they entered his room. His heart sweetly grinned when he saw the Angel of Death among them.

Who Will Replace Adam?

According to a hadith recounted by Abu Dhar, Adam's soth Seth (Shiith) assumed the responsibilities of prophethood after his demise. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is reported to have said: "Allah sent down 114 psalms, of which 50 were sent down to Seth," according to Abu Dhar. (Hadith of Al-Bukhari) When Seth passed away, Anoush, one of his sons, took over. His son Qinan, who in turn was replaced by Mahlabeel, took over for him. According to the Persians, Mahlabeel created the cities of Babylonia and was the first person to cut down trees in order to build towns and enormous forts. He is also credited with being the King of the Seven Regions. He was in power for forty years. When he passed away, his son Yard assumed his responsibilities, and at his passing, he left them to his son Khonoukh, who most scholars believe to be Idris (pbuh).

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