History Of Prophet Nuh (Noah) Alaihissalam

Mohammad Rashed

 Prophet Nuh (Noah)

History Of  Prophet Nuh (Noah) Alaihissalam

Adaptation of Noah's Birth

He was the father of humanity (PBUH), Noah Ibn Lamik, Ibn Mitoshilkh, Ibn Enoch, Ibn Yard, Ibn Mahlabeel, Ibn Qinan, Ibn Anoush, Ibn Seth, and Ibn Adam. The Jews and Christians are referred to as "People of the Book" in history because they were given the Taurat, Zabur, and Injeel, three revealed books, by Allah. The books that are meant to be translated as "Torah," "Psalms," and "Gospels," respectively, are corrupt. Only the Quran has not changed since it was revealed among the books of revelation.

Between the birth of Noah and the passing of Adam, 146 years elapsed. (Naomi was born 126 years after Adam's passing, according to Genesis 5 (new Revised Standard Version). According to Ibn Abbas, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stated that there were ten centuries between Adam and Noah. Noah was born 1056 years after Adam was made (or after he departed the Garden of Eden, according to Sahih Bukhari). As a result, despite what it may initially seem to do, this hadith does not contradict the earlier declaration made by the People of the Book. However, the reader should be aware that any claims or stories culled from the People of the Book may not necessarily be true. Genesis 5 was the source of this.

Idolators: Noah's People

Noah's people had been worshiping statues they had dubbed gods for many years. They had faith that these deities would fulfill all of their wants, protect them from harm, and bring them good. According to the strength they believed these gods to possess, they gave their idols names like Waddan, Suwa'an, Yaghutha, Ya'auga, and Nasran. These idols signified, respectively, manly force; mutability; beauty; raw strength; swiftness; sharp sight; and insight.
Allah, the All-Powerful, revealed:
"They (idolaters) have said: "You shall not forsake your gods nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa, nor Yaghuth, nor Ya uq, nor Nasr" (Quran, Ch. 71:23).Allah, the All-Powerful, revealed:
These were formerly the names of honorable individuals who had resided nearby. To preserve their memory when they passed away, statues of them were built. But eventually people started to adore these statues. Later generations just knew that their parents had prayed to them; they had no idea why they had been built. That is how idolatry came to be. They were vicious and immoral because they didn't grasp Allah, the Almighty, Who would punish them for their sins.

Several Hadiths explaining the beginnings of idolatry

Ibn Abbas explained: "Satan encouraged the people of those righteous individuals to build monuments where they had sat after their deaths. They did this, but not until later generations strayed from the moral course of action were these sculptures worshipped. Then they began to revere them as their gods.
Ibn Jarir related the story in his version, saying: "There were righteous persons who lived between Adam and Noah, and they had followers who held them up as models. After they passed away, their admiring friends declared that creating sculptures of them would enhance their worship and serve as a constant reminder of them. As a result, they constructed statues of them. Later, after they had passed away and were replaced by others, Iblis entered their brains and told them: "Your forefathers used to worship them, and through that worship they received rain." Therefore, they were worshiped.
This is the account given by Ibn Abi Hatim: "Waddan was a good man who was adored by his people. They retreated to his burial in Babylonia when he passed away and were overcome with grief. Iblis pretended to be a man and asked if he might create a statue of the deceased guy to be placed in their meeting area to serve as a reminder of their loss after observing their grief over his passing. They replied, "Yes."
So he fashioned the statue after himself. To keep him in mind, they placed it at the area where they meet. Iblis asked if he might erect a statue of him in each of their homes after noticing their desire to remember him. This way, he would be present in everyone's homes and they could all think of him.
They concurred. Their offspring observed and learned about what they were doing. They also learned why they remember him rather than Allah. The idol they called Waddan was the first to be worshipped in place of Allah.
To keep him in mind, they placed it at the area where they meet. Iblis asked if he might erect a statue of him in each of their homes after noticing their desire to remember him. This way, he would be present in everyone's homes and they could all think of him.
The main argument here is that a certain group of people worshiped each of the idols from the list above. It was claimed that individuals created images out of sand, and as time went on, they fashioned these images into statues so that their whole shapes could be seen. Subsequently, they were revered in place of Allah.
The account of Umm Salmah and Umm Habibah telling Allah's Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) about the chapel they had visited in the country of Abyssinia's called "Maria" was passed down. They talked about how lovely it was and how the images were. "Those are the people who construct places of worship on the graves of every righteous person who has passed away, and then create those images there," he stated. For Allah, such are the worst of His creation. Sahih al Bukhari.

Idolatry commentary

Worshipping anything other than Allah is tragic because it not only results in the loss of freedom but also has a devastating impact on a person's intellect. The goal for which Almighty Allah created man and his mind was to learn information, the most significant of which was that only Allah is the Creator and everyone else is a worshipper (slave). As a result, polytheism or disbelief in Allah causes one to lose their freedom, their mind to be destroyed, and their ability to pursue a worthy goal in life. Man becomes a slave to Satan, who is the antichrist, when he worships anything other than Allah.
he transforms into a beast and is enslaved by his own baser instincts).
Allah brought Noah into this setting to deliver His message to his people. The only thinker who escaped the polytheistic apocalypse that destroyed humanity was Noah.

Reasoning with his People by Noah

Noah was sent by Allah as a message of mercy to lead his people. Noah was a patient man and a great speaker. He explained to his people the grandeur of the cosmos and the secrets of life. He emphasized how the day always follows the night and how Allah, the Almighty, purposefully balanced these opposites for our benefit. The day brings warmth and awakens activity, while the night brings coolness and relaxation. The moon and stars aid in the measurement of time, direction, and seasons, while the sun promotes growth, keeping all plants and animals alive. He emphasized that only the Divine Creator is the rightful proprietor of the sky and the earth. He informed them that there could not have been more than one deity. He explained to them how the devil had been tricking them for so long and how it was time for this trickery to end. Noah explained to them how Allah had exalted man, having created him, given him sustenance, and bestowed upon him the blessings of a mind. He warned them that idolatry was an oppressive injustice to the mind. He forbade them from worshiping anybody other than Allah and warned them of the horrible retribution Allah would inflict upon them if they persisted in their wicked deeds.

There is Discord Among Noah's People

The crowd remained silent as he spoke. His remarks shocked their sluggish thoughts in the same way that being violently awakened can shock someone asleep beneath a wall that is ready to fall. perhaps though the intention was to save him, this person can be startled and perhaps resentful.
After Noah's warning, his people were split into two factions. The merciful phrases of his words eased the wounds of the weak, the impoverished, and the miserable. The warning was viewed with icy mistrust by the powerful, wealthy, powerful, and rulers. They were of the opinion that things would be better off if they remained the same. As a result, they began their verbal battle with Noah.

The Defenses of the Skeptics

At first, they claimed that Noah was just another person like them.
"We see you but a man like ourselves," the leaders of the unbelievers among his people reportedly declared. (Qur'an Ch. 11:27)
On the other hand, he had never said anything else. He argued that although he was simply a human, Allah had sent a human prophet since people lived on earth. Allah would have dispatched an angelic messenger if angels had lived there. The conflict between Noah and the polytheists went on. The kings initially believed that Noah's call would eventually go away on its own. They began to verbally attack and harass him after learning that his call had drawn the poor, the helpless, and common laborers: "You are only followed by the poor, the meek, and the worthless."

Almighty Allah revealed to us:

In fact, We sent Noah to his people with the following message: "I have come to you as a plain Warner that you worship none other than Allah, and surely I fear for you the torment of a painful Day." "We see you but a man like ourselves, and we see none follow you but the meanest among us, and they too followed you without thinking," the heads of the disbelievers among his people remarked. And we don't think you have anything to deserve being above us; rather, we think you're lying. (CH 11:25-27).

The Unbelievers Try to Negotiate

As a result, the confrontation between Noah and the leaders of his tribe grew more intense. The doubters made an offer: "Listen Noah, reject your believers if you want us to believe in you. No faith can accept us both since we are elite and wealthy while they are meek and poor. As Noah listened to the local heathens, he came to the conclusion that they were being stubborn. He replied, but in a nice way. He explained to his followers that since the believers were not his guests but rather Allah's, he could not expel them. They were urged by Noah:
"O my flock! I do not ask for money from you because Allah alone is my reward. I'm not going to sway those who have trusted away. They will undoubtedly encounter their Lord, but I can see that you are an uneducated people. Oh my folks! If I drive them away, who will stand with me against Allah? Then, won't you think about it? And I don't claim to know the unseen or to have Allah's treasures with me when I speak to you, I also don't claim to be an angel or that Allah won't do anything beneficial for those whom your eyes look down upon. Allah is aware of what each person's innermost beliefs are. If so, I should be considered one of the Zalimeen (those who commit crimes, oppress others, etc.). (Quran, Ch. 11:29–31)
With the great wisdom of the prophets, Noah answered the objections of the unbelievers. It is intellect's logic that purges itself of self-interest and conceit.

The Unbelievers Continue to be Ignorant

The kings had had enough of Noah's defenses. Almighty Allah described their behavior as follows:
"O Noah!" they exclaimed. If you are being sincere, bring upon us what you threaten to inflict upon us after considerably prolonging your quarrel with us. Only Allah will inflict it (the penalty) upon you, if He so chooses, and you will not be spared. And even if I try to help you, my advise won't help you if Allah wants to lead you wrong. Your Lord, he is! And you must go back to Him. (Qur'an, Ch. 11:32–34)
The dispute between Noah and the disbelievers grew more drawn-out as the conflict went on. When the disbelievers ran out of things to say and could no longer refute anything, they became rude and attacked Allah's prophet:
"Truly, we see you in plain error," the chiefs of his people declared. (Quran 7:60) Noah answered in the prophetic tradition:
"O my flock! I am a Messenger from the Lord of the Alamin (humanity, jinn, and everything that exists), and I am without error. I provide you real advise and deliver the messages of my Lord. And I have knowledge of Allah that you do not have. (Quran, CH 7:61–62)
Hour after hour, day after day, year after year, Noah persisted in pleading with his people to accept Allah as their Creator. Day and night, in secret and in public, he warned his people and prayed to Allah for them. He provided them with examples, clarified Allah's manifestations, and demonstrated Allah's power via the creation of His creations. But they sprinted away from him whenever he summoned them to Allah. Every time he implored them to seek Allah's pardon, they covered their ears and were too arrogant to hear the truth.

The Call of Noah to His People

Allah the Almighty explained what confronted Noah:
It's true that We sent Noah to warn his people before they experience a horrible anguish. "O my people!" he exclaimed. You should worship only Allah, do your duty to Him, and obey me. If you do, Allah (God) will pardon your sins and grant you reprieve for the specified period of time. If you only knew, the period of Allah cannot be delayed when it comes.
"Oh my Lord!" he cried. In truth, I have pleaded with my people day and night to embrace the Islamic Monotheism teaching, but all my efforts have done is encourage their departure from the reality. Verily! They obstructed my requests for Your pardon by putting their fingers in their ears, covering themselves with their clothes, insisting on their refusal, and exaggerating their own arrogance. Then, undoubtedly, I proclaimed to them in public; undoubtedly, I appealed to them in private; and undoubtedly, I called to them openly. I said to them, "Ask forgiveness from your Lord; undoubtedly, He is Oft Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; He will increase your wealth and children; He will bestow on you gardens; and He will bestow on you rivers."
What is wrong with you that you don't dread Allah (His Punishment), wish for Allah to reward you, or think that He is one and the same? While He gave you varied stages of creation. (Qur'an, Ch. 23:13–14)
Do you not notice how Allah built the seven heavens on top of one another and turned the moon into a light and a lamp in each of them? You were created from the dust of the ground by Allah. Allah has formed the earth for you wide spread (an expanse), allowing you to go about on extensive highways. After He returns you into it (the ground), He will bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection).
"My Lord!" cried Noah. They disobeyed me and went after someone whose money and progeny provide him neither gain nor loss. They have hatched a huge scheme. You must not abandon your gods, as well as wadd, Suwa, Yaghuth, Ya'uq, and Nasr (names of the idols), it has been stated. Indeed, they have misled a lot of people. Oh Allah Give the no increase Polytheists, sinners, and disbelievers, among others, are saved by zalimeen.
Due to their misdeeds, they perished, were forced into the Fire, and had no one to turn to for assistance save Allah. (Quran, Chapter 71:1–25).

How long did Noah preach?

For 950 years, Noah kept urging his people to accept Allah as their creator. Indeed, We sent Noah to his people, and he stayed with them for a thousand years less fifty years, persuading them to reject other gods and false gods in favor of the Oneness of Allah. (Qur'an, Ch. 29:14)
Every generation that came before warned the one that came after not to trust Noah and to go to battle with him. The father used to explain to his son the disagreement between himself and Noah and advise him to reject his call as an adult. Their inherent character opposed accepting and adhering to the truth.
Noah saw that while the number of unbelievers was rising, the number of believers was not. Although he felt sorrow for his people, he never gave up hope.

Noah asks God to punish the unbelievers

One day, Noah received a revelation from Allah that no one else would accept. Noah then prayed for the annihilation of the unbelievers after being instructed by Allah to refrain from mourning for them. He stated:
"Oh my God! Don't let any doubters remain on the planet. If you abandon them, they will deceive Your slaves and produce only evil disbelievers as offspring. (Qur'an, Ch. 71:27)
Noah's supplication was heard by Allah. The matter was resolved, and He delivered a flood of judgment against the unbelievers. Noah was instructed to construct an ark by Allah the Exalted with the aid of angels and in accordance with His understanding, instructions, and knowledge. Allah the Most High commanded:
And build the ship "under Our Eyes, with Our Inspiration, and do not address Me on behalf of those who did wrong; they are certain to drown." (Qur'an Ch. 11:37)

Noah Constructs the Ark

Noah picked a location far from the sea, away from the city. He gathered the necessary materials and started constructing the ark day and night. The ridicule of the crowd continued: "O Noah! Are you more interested in carpentry than prophecy? Why are you constructing an ark so far inland? Is the wind going to carry it for you or are you going to pull it to the water? You shall learn who will be humiliated and punished, Noah retorted.
Allah the All-Powerful related:
Every time the chiefs of his people went by him while he was building the ship, they poked fun of him. "If you mock us, we will mock you in return for your mockery," he warned. And you will be able to identify the person who will experience a temporary anguish that will cover him in shame and a permanent torment. (Qur'an, Ch. 11:38–39)

The Flood starts

While the ship was being built, Noah waited for Allah to give the order. Allah told him that the onset of the deluge and the cue for Noah to take action would be when water appeared out of nowhere in the oven at his home.
When the oven at Noah's home overflowed, the horrible day finally arrived. Opening the ark quickly, Noah called for the believers. Additionally, he brought male and female specimens of every kind of animal, bird, and bug with him. The villagers roared with laughter as they watched him bring these animals into the ark: "Noah must have lost his mind! What will he do with the creatures? Allah the Almighty related:
So it was up until Our Command arrived, at which point the oven erupted in a fountain of water. "Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except for him against whom the Word has already been sent and the believers," we commanded. And only a few people gave him credit.(Quran, Ch. 11:40)

The quantity of followers

Both Noah's wife, who was not a believer with him, and one of his sons, who was privately a nonbeliever but had professed faith in front of Noah, declined to join him. Similarly, the majority of individuals disbelieved and refused to join in.
The number of people aboard the ship with Noah is a subject of debate among experts. Ka ibn al Ahbar believed there were 72 believers, whilst Ibn Abbas claimed there were 80 believers. Others stated that Noah was accompanied by ten believers.

Information about the Flood

There was not a single crevice in the soil from which water did not rise. Never-before-seen volumes of rain fell from the sky. Hour after hour, the level grew as water continued to stream down from the heavens and rise through the cracks. The land was invaded by the oceans and waves.
Strange internal movements of the earth caused the ocean floors to abruptly rise and flood the dry land. The earth was submerged for the first time.

Calls to his Son from Noah

Allah narrated the story as follows: Noah said:
Its traveling direction and anchorage will both be "Embark thereon in the Name of Allah. Certainly, my Lord is Most Merciful and Often Forgiving.
So, as they navigated the ship through the mountains of waves, Noah yelled to his son, who had distanced himself, "O my son! Come along with us and avoid the doubters.
I'll take myself to a mountain; that will keep me out of the water, the son retorted. No one but those whom Allah has mercy is a survivor from His decree today, according to Noah. The son was among the drowned when a wave swept in between them. (Ch. 11: 41-43)

The Flood is over

As was stated:
Oh, planet! Take in your sea, sky, and oh! Hold back (your rain). The decree (of Allah) was carried out (the destruction of the descendants of Noah) and the water was reduced (made to recede). "Away with the people who are Zalimeen" (polytheists and wrongdoers), it was pronounced as the ship rested on Mount Judi. It was also stated:
"O Noah! Come down (from the ship) with peace from Us and blessings on you, your companions, and some of their progeny, but (there will be other) people to whom We will grant their joys (for a while), but in the end a painful torture will come to them from Us. (Qur'an Ch. 11:41–48)
After the divine command was carried out, the earth became quiet again, the water subsided, and the dry plain once more glistened in the sunlight. The earth has been freed of disbelief and polytheism thanks to the flood.

The Believers board the ship

The birds and the beats that Noah released scattered all over the planet. Then the believers got off the boat. Noah bowed, his forehead touching the ground. They built a fire and gathered around it. It was forbidden to start a fire on board to prevent burning down the ship's timber. Over the course of the floor, none of them had consumed any hot food. Following the disembarkation, a day of fasting was observed in remembrance of Allah.

Death of Noah

The narrative of Noah is revealed in the Quran. We don't know what happened to his relationships with his people. All that is known or ascertained is that Noah's father asked his son to worship Allah alone on his deathbed before he passed away. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is reported to have said: "When the death of the Messenger of Allah Noah drew near, he warned his sons: In fact, I would give you sweeping guidance, ordering you to do two things and advising you not to do another two things. If the seven heavens and seven earths were placed on one side of a scale and the phrase "there is no god but Allah" was placed on the other, the latter would weigh more than the former, I implore you to believe. I forbid you from equating partners with Allah and from being proud. (Hadith of Al-Bukhari) According to some stories, his grave is in the Scared Mosque in Mecca, whereas according to others, he was interred in the Iraqi city of Baalabak.

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